Universities

In general, universities in Germany can be classified according to type (universities, Universities of Applied Sciences, etc.) and funding bodies (state, private, or parochial). Here, you can find information about the different types of universities.

The word “Hochschule” has two meanings:
1) On the one hand, it is the generic term for universities, Universities of Applied Sciences, academy of arts, academies of music, and all other types of higher education institutions.
2) On the other hand, “Hochschule” is also equated with Universities of Applied Sciences (Fachhochschule), which offer a smaller and more limited range of studies than universities. For example, the Hochschule München is an university of applied sciences that offers study programmes in the fields of technology, economics, design, and social studies..

Types of universities

University

University

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University of the German Armed Forces

University of the German Armed Forces

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Pedagogical University

Pedagogical University

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Academy of Music

Academy of Music

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Drama Schools

Drama Schools

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University funding bodies

Universities can be funded by various bodies: state, private, or parochial. A state funding means, for example, that the university is financed by the state. While there are no tuition fees at state and many parochial universities, private universities usually charge tuition fees. Private universities can, but do not have to be officially recognised. State recognition means that private universities enjoy the same status as state universities and can therefore award Bachelor's, Master's, etc. degrees. At universities that are not state-recognised, you “only” receive a certificate upon graduation.

Public universities

Public universities

– No tuition fees, but semester fees averaging EUR 250 per semester, which usually include the ticket for public transport
– Large study groups and lecture halls with, depending on the university and study programme, usually more than 100 students
– Large selection of fields of study and study programmes
– Some subjects such as medicine and law are only offered at public universities
– Although the lessons have practical parts such as seminars, they are more theoretical
– Flexible timetable
– Since public universities are usually very old, the equipment is also rather outdated

Myths and rumours about private and public universities

It is often said that companies or future employers prefer to accept graduates from public rather than private universities. However, this cannot be said in such a general way, as some companies appreciate the practical relevance of private students, while others find it more important that students of public universities work more independently during their studies.

In addition, one often hears that students of private universities are ”thrown“ their degrees ”at them“ – after all, they pay a lot of money to the university. It can be clearly said: nothing comes from nothing. Due to the close contact to the lecturers, it can of course happen that you get tips here and there on what you should concentrate when learning for the next exam. However, you have to invest a lot of time to pass the exams, write homework, and complete other practical tasks successfully in order to get your degree.

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